Especialización en Sistemas de Aeronaves No Tripuladas

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  • Ítem
    Análisis de las rutas aéreas KOPTER de la ciudad de Bogotá – Colombia, para su uso en la implementación del Drone Delivery de insumos médicos
    (Fundación Universitaria Los Libertadores. Sede Bogotá., ) Cano Bernal, Sebastian Felipe; Campos Montealegre, Davison Alexander; Rodríguez Barón, Iván Felipe
    Technology in Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) has allowed us to have a greater perspective regarding the usefulness of airspace for industries or commerce in general. The current vision of the UAS mainly focuses its efforts on urban and regional passenger transportation; However, its usefulness as a means of logistical transportation for the transportation of goods is a utility that is still in the research and development stages in first world countries with the investment of large companies such as Amazon or UPS. Nowadays, in 2023, through some UAS, tests are being carried out to transport merchandise in general, with the only limitations being the load capacity of the aircraft or the flight autonomy that the system may have. Among the things that can be transported in a UAS are medical supplies or human tissues for transplants, which, in underdeveloped countries that lack hospital and road infrastructure, must travel long distances to their destinations. In Colombia, due to the little infrastructure, adapted to the needs of 2023, the use of airspace will be important for the transport of special handling goods, such as human tissues since these require special care and processing times. very careful delivery because the life of a human being could depend on this. This article will discuss the use of airways previously designed for the use of helicopters. Which, establishing certain limits in their operation, such as the flight altitude and their safety zones towards their surrounding spaces and additionally with the support of aeronautical and local regulations, which allow the implementation of the Drone Delivery method for use in medical applications, reducing vital delivery times in health systems but also benefiting the environment with the use of renewable energies such as electrical energy, promoting its movement.
  • Ítem
    Aeronaves no tripuladas como herramienta para el análisis de áreas no preparadas de aterrizaje en operaciones helicoportadas
    (Fundación Universitaria Los Libertadores. Sede Bogotá., ) Fuentes Mojica, Gerardo Alcides; Rodriguez Barón, Iván Felipe
    Air operations of helicopters in unprepared areas are a constant in the hydrocarbon environment, due to the remoteness of facilities and the challenging access to infrastructure caused by the difficult Colombian geography and its limited access routes. The lack of suitable heliport services in these areas forces a constant reliance on the use of unprepared areas to carry out aerial operations for the movement of personnel and cargo in helicopters, which are vital for supplying and maintaining the infrastructure related to the hydrocarbon industry. An additional factor in these high-risk operations is the limited time available to conduct a proper analysis of the terrain and various obstacles. This is why it is necessary for the planning team to present this information in a clear, objective, and precise manner to contribute to the decision-making of the crews. This allows for a precise assessment of the risks associated with operations in unprepared areas; otherwise, there would be inadequate management, resulting in uninformed decisions and a lack of appropriate safety and prevention measures that could lead to an accident. The proposed solution to address the challenge of helicopter air operations in unprepared areas lies in the strategic implementation of drone technology as the main tool for taking measures and identifying obstacles. This involves employing various image processing techniques such as photogrammetry and structure inspection. The product obtained will be presented to the crews and personnel involved in the operation briefing to enhance aviation safety.
  • Ítem
    Proceso de implementación de técnica de visualización Shlieren tipo Z para el análisis de interferencia de hélice en ALA UAV VTOL
    (Fundación Universitaria Los Libertadores. Sede Bogotá., ) Gómez Useda, John Alberto; Rodríguez Barón, Iván Felipe
    This research presents an analysis of the implementation of the Schlieren visualization technique in wind tunnel, where the wing of an unmanned vertical take-off and landing aircraft and horizontal advance "vertical take off landing VTOL" is analyzed, initially performing a theoretical analysis calculation of the resistance generated by the vertical lift propellers and then performing a wind tunnel assembly of the Schlieren visualization technique type Z, where in order to observe the detachment of the boundary layer or the wakes generated on the top surface of the wing by means of photographs. Taking into account that the operation of unmanned aircrafts does not overcome the sound barrier and this subsonic flow when in contact with elements in front of the wing, besides generating drag when advancing, can generate vorticity, which can present air circulation bubbles that can at some point detach the boundary layer and consequently present uncalculated losses of lift in the wing. With the visualization technique we want to know how this interference occurs when the air passes through the propeller of a VTOL system.
  • Ítem
    Control de vuelo estacionario de un dron cautivo con estación de energía híbrida
    (Fundación Universitaria Los Libertadores. Sede Bogotá., ) Velásquez Bran, Juan David; Rodríguez Barón, Iván Felipe
    Despite the growing popularity of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in areas such as inspection, agriculture and surveillance, their autonomy is often limited by power constraints. An emerging solution is the captive drone or tUAV, which receives power and data from a ground source via a cable. This approach not only solves the energy challenge, but also offers opportunities in monitoring and control. This study presents a drone specifically designed to fly stably in challenging conditions, using advanced control algorithms and a ground station that supplies continuous power, thus extending its flight autonomy. The proposed methodology presents an iterative and structured approach for the development and optimization of drones and ground stations. The process starts with a literature review and requirements definition, followed by a prototyping phase that includes drone design, development of control algorithms and construction of a ground station prototype. Tests and evaluations are conducted under various conditions to assess the performance, energy efficiency and adaptability of the drone. Based on the results, an optimization and refinement phase are carried out to improve all systems. Finally, the entire process, findings and results are documented and presented. This methodology ensures a systematic and evidence-based development, allowing for adaptations and improvements based on emerging challenges and needs.
  • Ítem
    Aplicación de sistemas de aeronaves no tripuladas para la seguridad y vigilancia de la escuela nacional de entrenamiento policial – CENOP
    (Fundación Universitaria Los Libertadores. Sede Bogotá., ) García Pinto, Sebastián Mauricio; Orduy Rodríguez, Jaime Enrique
    This article presents an innovative strategy as relevant technological support to the security and surveillance services of police facilities, through the implementation of the UAV unmanned aircraft system (unmanned aerial vehicle) Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) . The foregoing taking into account the acts of violence perpetuated in recent years at police facilities, such as the attack on the General Santander Police Cadet School, a terrorist attack perpetrated by the National Liberation Army (ELN), which consisted of the explosion of a car bomb on January 17, 2019. From this problem arises the need to design strategies through the implementation of technological tools that allow strengthening operational and facility security, generating a perception of security both for the community in general as well as for the police officers and women who provide daily public police service. For this reason, the National Police Training School is selected, located in the rural sector of the municipality of San Luis Tolima, which has an extension of 1071 hectares and that due to its climatic and topographic conditions are the ideal setting to develop field work supported by a mixed methodology of exploratory and documentary approach, in order to collect quantitative and qualitative data in each of the practices, yielding advantages and disadvantages, obtaining as a result the demarcation of boundaries for the georeferencing of critical points that allow real-time monitoring, verification of unauthorized access, internal and external environment diagnostics, perimeter protection, with the implementation of this technology optimizes and enhances its current capabilities.